From the date of its discovery, to its mixture in the earth and its atmosphere, to what it might mean to the earth in the near future! Join me as I show you some history and facts about Mars! How did we find Mars? If astronomy has taught us anything, it is that the earliest civilizations on Earth were not only looking at the stars above, but also in understanding what the different things in the night sky are and their Naming will help them understand this.
And that includes the search for and understanding of Mars. Some of the earliest records of Mars observations date back to the time of the ancient Egyptian astronomers in the second century BC. Before the formation of the Chow Dynasty (1045 BC), Chinese records of the motives of Mars were published. The position of Mars was observed in detail by Babylonian astronomers who developed mathematical techniques to predict the future position of the planet.
Ancient Greek philosophers and Hellenistic astronomers developed a geocentric model to explain the motions of the planet. The angular diameter of Mars can be measured in ancient Greek and Indian texts. In the 16th century, Nicola Hum Copernicus proposed a heliocentric model for the solar system in which the planets follow circular orbits about the sun. This was revised by Johannes Kepler, who found an elliptical orbit for Mars that fit the observation data more accurately.
So just looking for Mars, you had several civilizations that were not only looking for Mars, but slowly learning more about it before the modern age of astronomy came. What makes it all the more impressive is that they were able to learn so much. In modern times, the first telescope observations of Mars were made by Galileo Galilei in 1610. Within a century, astronomers have discovered various features on the planet, including the dark patch Certus Major Planum and the Polar Icapus.
They were able to determine the duration and axial tilt of the planet. These observations were made primarily during periods of time when the planet was in opposition to the Sun, where Mars had a closer view of the Earth’s advanced telescopes developed in the early nineteenth century, so that permanent The Martin Albeido features can be mapped in detail. The first rough map of Mars was published in 1840, followed by better maps from 1877.
When astronomers mistakenly thought they had discovered the signature of a water spectator in the Martian atmosphere, the idea of life on Mars became popular. Peruvian Lowell thought he could see a network of artificial canals on Mars. These linear features later proved to be optical illusions, and the atmosphere was found to be thin enough to support an Earth-like atmosphere. But we will get to that later. Yet, the discovery of Mars and its most basic elements have been immersed in thousands of years of discovery and investigation, and we are still learning a lot about Mars.
Orbit and Circulation If you haven’t heard of it, the world is trying to get humanity to Mars so that colonies can be formed. But to help people truly embrace this concept, they need to understand certain variations, such as how Mars orbits work, and the seasons in which a planet may or may not exist. First and foremost, a year on Mars is twice as long as Earth’s. Earth day is 365 days, and Mars day is 687 days. This is due to the fact that Mars is farther from the Sun than the Earth, and so on. Although, on the flip side, the rotation of Mars is merely slower than that of Earth.
So we have a 25-hour day, more or less, instead of a 24-hour day (the actual number is 24.62). It’s not even a bad turn, right? When it comes to seasons, it’s a bit difficult. Because on the one hand, spring, summer, autumn and winter mean a lot. But all this goes on for about 150 days, compared to the average of the last 90 days. Spring (if you call it that) lasts up to 7 months! Winter lasts about 120 days. In addition, since Mars’ orbit is elliptical and not circular, it has two additional seasons called aphelian and parielin. This means that a new season is found when it is close to the sun, and a season when it is very far from the sun. If humanity is to survive on Mars, we will need to adapt to climate change.
Especially with regard to how the planet’s temperature can fluctuate mercilessly from day to night as well as from season to season. It’s not impossible to overcome, but it’s something we have to be prepared for. Mars. Water on Mars Undoubtedly, the most important discovery on Mars is that indeed there is water on it. As Earth has pointed out in its history, it has long been believed that Mars always had water, but it was later revealed to be an illusion. However, as time went on, there were signs that there was some kind of water on Mars in the past, and possibly in its current state. The only problem was that due to the thin atmosphere on the planet, as well as the complete lack of magnetic space, it could not be liquid water.
However, this does not mean that they failed to find it. In July 2018, scientists reported the discovery of the first known stable body of water on the planet, a sub-ice lake on Mars. It sits 1.5 km (0.9 mi) below the surface at the base of the South Pole ice cap and is 20 km (12 mi) long. The lake was used to orbit the Mars Express in the orbit of Mars X, and profiles were collected between May 2012 and December 2015.
The lake is concentrated at 193 ° E, 81 ° S, a flat area that does not exhibit any specific topographic features. It is mostly surrounded by high ground except on its eastern side, where there is a depression. Add it to the various polar caps and ice caps of the planet, and suddenly Mars is not just a place to imagine living, we can do it because we know there is water there that we can use. Before we dive into the various realities around Mars and its surroundings, make sure you like or dislike the video, this way we can improve our content for your viewers! Also, be sure to subscribe to the channel so you don’t miss any of our weekly videos. 6. Atmosphere As noted, Mars has a very complex history in terms of its atmosphere.
Mars lost its magnetic field 4 billion years ago, possibly due to numerous asteroid strikes, so the solar wind interacts directly with the ion-spare of Mars, separating the atoms from the outer layer and increasing the density of the atmosphere. Is reduced. Compared to Earth, the atmosphere of Mars is quite rare. Along with traces of oxygen and water, Mars’ atmosphere contains approximately 96% carbon dioxide, 1.93% argon and 1.89% nitrogen. The atmosphere is quite dusty, with a diameter of about 1.5 to 1.5 meters, which gives the Martian sky a little color when viewed from the surface.
It can turn pink due to the suspended iron oxide particles in it. In short, this means that we cannot breathe openly on Mars, and going to the planet without a pressure suit would be dangerous in all these ways. Thus, any colony we try and build there will be the one that is pressurized and the oxygen is made and recycled so that we can breathe. So. Strange It may seem strange to you to wonder about the state of the soil on Mars, but in reality, these are some of the most important things that NASA scientists are trying to learn. Phoenix Lander, who was sent to observe, said the soil returned data that showed the marine soil was slightly alkaline and contained elements such as magnesium, sodium, potassium and chlorine.
These nutrients are found in soil, and are essential for plant growth. Experiments by Lander show that the basic pH of the marathon soil is 7.7, and that the salt perchlo rate is 0.6%. It is highly concentrated and poisons the soil of Mars. Considering what is bad, we want to try and use this soil to grow crops for future colonies. Another problem scientists have seen with soil is that it is incredibly flat and fast. This means that the astronaut suit has to be very strong to avoid getting caught in the dust, and modern cleaning techniques (or ways to get into the suit and creativity) have to make sure that the dust doesn’t get in the way.
Will Within the colony itself. Because this dust could not only damage the ship’s sand colonies, but if inhaled it could be very harmful to the colonies themselves. As if that’s not enough, there is speculation that there are billions of dollars worth of material on Mars waiting to be mined. Places like NASA and Space X are considering how to raise these materials to help fund future missions in the Red Orbit. Pop. Pop Culture Saying that Mars is a part of pop culture on Earth makes all the difference. From the basics to being an integral part of shows and movies, Mars has been close. When people first observed canal-like features on the surface of Mars in the late 1800’s, many speculated that an intelligent alien species lived there.
This led to a number of stories about Martinez, some of which invaded Earth, such as in the 1938 radio drama The War of the Worlds. According to a sustainable urban legend, many listeners believe the story has real coverage of the attack, which has caused widespread panic.What an irony because if they heard the end of the program, the narrator clearly said that it was just a story. Since then, countless stories have been told on Mars or explored the possibilities of its inhabitants. Movies like Total Recall (1990 and 2012) take us to an alien Mars and an airborne struggle colony.
An Explase television series and novels have a deep connection between Martin’s Colony and Earth. And in the adaptation of the 2014 novel and his 2015 film adaptation, Martin, botanist Mark Wani is trapped alone on the planet and struggling to survive until a rescue mission recovers him. Coins And in keeping with the myth of the planet, Mars has been named for its power, size, and godlike appearance in cartoons, various Hollywood characters, and even video games. Mo. The moon got its name from the horses that pulled the chariot of the Greek god of war, Aries. In ancient Greek, Phobos means “flight,” and Demos means “fear.”
Phoenix, the inner and larger moon, has a heavy crate with deep grooves on its surface. It is slowly moving towards Mars and will crash into the planet or break in about 50 million years. Demos is half as big as Phobos and orbits Mars two and a half times. The strangely shaped demos are covered in loose dirt that often fills the surface with blisters, making it look smoother than Phobos. The moon of Mars is another that is being studied very carefully. Since there may not be a complete colony card for these moons, but such a station is possible, and some theories about the future of space travel have led to the idea that this moon is in the back of our solar system.
How to help go. In view of all the difficulties that exist on Mars, from the environment, to the soil, to the seasons, and much more, it seems that trying to colonize it is “a great danger.” And to some extent, you’re right. Even if all goes well, it will take many years to establish a real colony on Mars, and truth be told, it won’t be the easiest place to live for long. However, there are efforts and ideas for us to pile Mars into a more suitable habitat. Simply put, people are wondering if we can turn Mars into something like Earth.
Now, obviously this would be a huge effort, but it’s not as much of a sci-fi theory as you might expect. Some people have come up with the idea of not sifting the whole planet, but a part of the planet has considered it as a safe region at the national level where we can build colonies in peace. Again, this is not so far-fetched, there are technologies that do it theoretically. Help create our own environment, including sending nanobots to the sky. Other ideas may try to recreate it so that we can grow it.
Right now, that’s all theory, but theory is the first step towards making something work. 1. Life on Mars Even today there are some people in the world who really believe that Mars is the place where humanity will take its next great step. If so, it would be the biggest sign if I haven’t done any humanitarian work since I landed on the moon. Groups like NASA, SpaceX, ESA have different plans to go to Mars and beyond, but will they? It’s hard to say.-of-Mars